1Q09 NYC Investment Sales Extraordinarily Abysmal

I’ve been selling investment properties in New York City for 25 years and have never seen anything like the low level of sales that the market experienced in the first quarter of 2009.

In order to know just how abysmal the volume of sales has been, let’s review a little history. In order to study volume of sales we track a sample of 125,000 properties which fall into the C, D, S & K classes of properties which include multifamily apartment buildings, retail and mixed-use properties. During the last 25 years, the average volume of sales has been 2.5% of this total stock of properties or about 3,125 sales per year. The best years we have seen were 1986 and 2006 with 3.4% turnover, 1988 with 3.5% and a pinnacle in 1998 at 3.9%.

On the other side of the coin, we experienced the lowest level of turnover in both 1992 and 2003 which were both years at the end of recessionary periods and were years in which we reached cyclical highs in New York City unemployment. The volume of sales in those years was 1.6%. We had always thought that this 1.6% level of turnover was a baseline representing only those sellers who had no choice but to sell due to reasons such as death, divorce, taxes, insolvency, partnership disputes and the like. Our assumption was that volume would never get lower than the 1.6% threshold. Enter 2009.

If we annualize the turnover the market experience in the first quarter of 2009, in which there were only 233 sales closed, the volume of sales would be only 0.7%!

We certainly do not expect this trend to continue to an annual level of 0.7% but it is very likely that we may not see enough activity to hit the 1.6% level.  We believe that this extraordinarily low level of sales was created by the virtual paralysis that the market experienced after the fundamental dismantling of Wall Street on September 15th. Contract executions evaporated in the fourth quarter of 2008 as investors became timid and credit markets froze which resulted in the enemic number of closings in 1Q09.

We believe the volume of sales will increase as the year progresses as it simply could not get any lower. A factor which will artificially add to the low volume will be the fact that many lenders will opt to sell notes rather than going through the foreclosure process and then selling the assets. If the lender wants to maximize their note sale proceeds, they will sell the notes to real estate investors who will want to own the assets on a long term basis.  Many properties which were financed in the 2005-2007 period have negative equity to an extent that it is highly unlikely that the borrower will be able to payoff the loan or would even want to. This will result in the buyer of the note foreclosing and holding the asset. This “shadow” sale market will not be reflected accurately in the 2009 numbers.

While all of the percentages mentioned above related to number of transactions, we track the aggregate sales price volume as well.  Let’s compare the first quarter of 2009 with the first quarter of 2008 and the height of this market cycle – the first quarter of 2007. 

The best performing submarket was Brooklyn which was down by “only” 56.5% in the number of sales and 63.5% in aggregate sales price from 1Q08.  When comparing 1Q09 with 1Q07, the number of sales was down by 65.6% and aggregate price was down by 68.7%. Remarkably, those numbers were the most positive.

In Queens, 1Q09 number of sales was off by 68.5% and aggregate sales price was down by 82.9% from 1Q08. When comparing 1Q09 to 1Q07, the number of sales was down by 71.5% and  aggregate prices by 77.6% .

In Northern Manhattan, 1Q09 number of sales was down 62.3% and aggregate sales price was off by 88.9% from 1Q08. Comparing the numbers to 1Q07, the number of sales was down by 77.1% and aggregate sales price dropped by a staggering 93.5%.

The Bronx experienced a reduction of 74.4% in the number of sales and a reduction of 75.7% in aggregate sales price in 1Q09 from 1Q08. Comparing 1Q09 to 1Q07, the number of sales was down by 86.7% and aggregate sales price was down by a whopping 93.8%.

Manhattan activity has fallen off a cliff as comparing 1Q09 to 1Q08, the market experienced reductions of 85.5% in the number of sales and 86.9% in aggregate sales price. Compared to 1Q07, these numbers were down by 88.2% and 92.0% respectively.

Clearly, there is nowhere to go but up from here but the question is: How rapidly will the rate of activity increase? The degree of seller capitulation we see and the availability of debt will be two important factors in answering this question.

6 Responses to “1Q09 NYC Investment Sales Extraordinarily Abysmal”

  1. 1 Don Thordarson May 20, 2009 at 5:42 pm

    Dear Robert:
    I have an extremely well capitalized client that would be very interested in buying a building, portfolio of buildings or the notes on same and can do a transaction in the $300 million to $1.5 Billion price range. Perhaps we can help out some of your clients through some major sale transactions. Please advise.
    Don Thordarson
    (818) 832-4929

  2. 2 Dan Chamberlain May 21, 2009 at 2:54 pm

    I agree with your observations. Have you looked at moving your investors money into different housing markets across the country (e.g. Austin, Biloxi, etc.) until volumes and prices rebound?

  3. 3 Mark May 27, 2009 at 1:25 pm

    Nice article. Market conditions will continue to be in a state of paralysis until rents bottom. I think this is the next challenge for NYC as it appears that the worst may be over from the economic contraction of the past two quarters. On a separate note, the wild card in all of this will be quality of life and its effects on real estate, I hope that our leaders in albany and city hall grasp this concept and start acting in the best interests of our collective long term future and not dance to the beat of interest groups that have infiltrated the minds of our locally elected leaders. California’s present day mess should at the very least instill some fear in Albany that the light at the end of the tunnel could be a train coming right at us if they don’t start to change course on their tax and spend policies.

  4. 4 rknakal May 27, 2009 at 1:46 pm

    Hi Don, thanks for the post. I will give you a call to discuss your client’s appetite.

  5. 5 rknakal May 27, 2009 at 1:48 pm

    Hi Dan, the overwhelming majority of my clients are only interested in investing in the New York City metropolitan area. Thanks for the suggestion though.

  6. 6 rknakal May 27, 2009 at 1:50 pm

    Hi Mark, Thanks for the post. I totally agree that spending has to be addressed. It remains very likely that a tax and spend perspective will persist at least until the midterm elections in 2010. Those policies will be implemented either for political reasons or economic reasons but, either way, they will be implemented.

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